Puente Democrático
December 4, 2019
Latin America and the Cuban segregation
(Clarín) Would anyone accept in any country in Latin America that there can only be one ideology and that if one does not share it is a traitor subject to being fought by any means? Then it is worth asking, where is the regional reaction to such legal aberration and criminalization of human rights?
Gabriel C. Salvia
September 9, 2019
Brazil’s red flags
Brazil encompasses many of the problems that affect the region: corruption, street violence, cases of police abuse, and entrenched stereotypes in society that make all these problems in turn become more serious in minorities. In this regard, both Bolsonaro's sayings and his lack of commitment to the progressive agenda do not help to solve the structural problems of Brazil and the country seems to be going in the opposite direction to which it should go.
Alejandro Di Franco
August 26, 2019
Migration crises and regional governance: The cases of Europe, North America and South America
Agreements in which destination countries, which are usually developed democracies, pay for not having to accept more migrants, are not what humanitarian advocates who argue in favor of international cooperation to face migration crises usually have in mind. However, cooperation to restrict immigration is more common worldwide than is cooperation in a liberal direction.
Sybil Rhodes and Maëliss Bodenan
Year XVII - Nº 77 - May 20, 2019
Human Rights from the International Relations
The doctrine of human rights was concretized after a process of development of more than three centuries after the end of the Second World War and has changed the institutional panorama and the relations between actors at the international level.
Alejandro Anaya Muñoz
July 19, 2019
The two diplomacies in Cuba: the complacent and the committed
The list of complacent would be long, for example, those of democratic countries whose officials never received any nomination for the Award for Committed Diplomacy in Cuba, so it is as if they were not there. And most worrying, after the delivery of the last edition of the Prize for the period 2016-2018, is the setback that some embassies recorded.
Gabriel C. Salvia
April 30, 2019
Piñera, PROSUR and autocratic China
(The Global Americans) A month after promoting the establishment of PROSUR, Chilean President Sebastián Piñera contradicted the central principles of the new regional bloc during a trip to China.
Gabriel C. Salvia
February 27, 2019
A dubious referendum on a (slightly) revised constitution shows growing opposition to the revolution in Cuba
(The Global Americans) Given the significant numbers of votes against the reform, the results of the referendum call into question the unanimity on which Castro and the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) have always attempted to stake the legitimacy of the revolution.
Gabriel C. Salvia
December 18, 2018
On Parole: 29 years after the Velvet Revolution
We must thank Michael Zantovsky, current executive director of the Václav Havel Library, for the awe, the laughter, the criticism, the almost intimate talk, and the slight psychological detachment provoked by some of the snippets narrated in the life of his friend. Zantovsky has privileged information of Havel and (almost) does not hold back, doing to all human beings a favor.
Manuel Cuesta Morúa
August 30, 2018
The G20, civil society, and democratic commitment
(Global Americans) At a time when democracy is regressing globally, it’s crucial for civil society to step up and affirm international commitment to democracy and solidarity with victims of authoritarianism. This message would have been especially well received in Argentina, which is still healing from its brush with dictatorship. If civil society continues to fail to do so, the G20 can hardly make a difference in its original goal: improving the welfare of the most vulnerable people around the world.
Victoria Gaytan and Gabriel C. Salvia
Year XVI - No. 72 - August 23, 2018
Milada Horáková: Defender of Democracy Against Totalitarianism in Czechoslovakia
On the 23rd of August, the City of Buenos Aires observes the Dayof Remembrance for the Victims of Totalitarianism. The life of Czechactivist Milada Horáková is emblematic of the fight against variousforms of totalitarianism.
Gregory Ross
March 19, 2018
Artistic Freedom Around the World
In the specific case of Cuba, the report questions the fact that artistic freedom on the island is subject to the aims of the Revolution and everything that is not framed within this premise is censored and repressed.
Diana Arévalo
March 12, 2018
Who decides the Cuban elections?
The institutionalization of the “revolution” has left Cuba with an electoral bureaucracy that suffocates popular sovereignty, allowing it’s citizens no room for freedom of political expression
Leandro Querido
January 29, 2018
Will the Venezuelan Condemnation of the Demands for Political Openness in Cuba Continue to Drag Out?
(The Global Americans ) The regional and international condemnation of the Venezuelan autocracy is a step in the right direction. However, to be transparent, this condemnation has to be extended to Cuba.
Gabriel C. Salvia
Year XV N° 65 - January 23, 2018
Cuba before its third universal periodic review of human rights
In the previous review, carried out in 2013, the Cubangovernment categorically rejected the most relevantrecommendations on their human rights violations, which persist today.
Gabriel C. Salvia
January 10, 2018
Mogherini, the European Union, and Cuba
(The Global Americans) It would be relevant to know the expectations of the High Representative of the European Union in the dialogue on human rights with Cuba.
Gabriel C. Salvia
December 9, 2017
Parliamentary Diplomacy and Foreign Policy in Human Rights
(Perfil) Legislators can submit draft declarations condemning humanrights violations in dictatorial countries and ask for declarations from theirrespective governments in intergovernmental organizations; denouncecorrupt electoral processes that are neither fair nor transparent inautocratic regimes; and recognize the work and initiatives of democraticactivists whose lives are at risk.
Gabriel C. Salvia
August 23, 2017
An Act of Remembrance and Solidarity
From this year forward, the Argentine capital will be a pioneer city in Latin America as it commemorates the victims of totalitarianism every 23rd of August. Someone who will always be in our thoughts on this day will be Cecilia de la Torre, who passed last December.
Gabriel C. Salvia
Year XV N° 64 - April 26, 2017
Two reform proposals for membership in the UN human rights council
The biggest problem the UN is facing when defending Human Rights is that only a minority of its 193 members have a well-institutionalized democracy. Furthermore, unlike many authoritarian regimes and countries with poor democratic systems, which constitute the majority in the General Assembly, they do not coordinate their policy on human rights with each other.
Gabriel C. Salvia and Matthias Peschke
April 10, 2017
Cubans’ motorcycle diary woes
(Latin America Goes Global) Unlike their Latin American counterparts, Cubans face unique challenges traveling and emigrating within Latin America. And that doesn’t include the trouble leaving the island.
Sybil Rhodes
February 23, 2017
It’s time to set limits to Cuban Dictatorship
(Latin America Goes Global) The Cuban government is practicing abroad what it is strictly forbidden within its own borders, infringing the political reciprocity principle in bilateral relations.
Gabriel C. Salvia
February 21, 2017
Rational Migration Policy in a Xenophobic World
(Latin America Goes Global) If Argentina were to help foment a global trend in xenophobia it would be worrisome, and surprising. The country has one of the most open migration regimes in the world.
Sybil Rhodes
January 17, 2017
Is the U.S. opening to Cuba dead in the water?
Christopher Sabatini
December 14, 2016
The European Union, Cuba and Human Rights
Without a Cuban gesture towards a more open political system, it does not make sense to discuss an agreement since the one party regime of Raúl Castro would not approve any improvement in the area of human rights. Thus, the negotiations between the EU and Cuba started rather poorly if we believe there was ever any genuine interest by the EU in achieving any progress regarding a more open political system in the island.
Gabriel C. Salvia
December 13, 2016
A Too Big Reward for China
The perception that China rewards loyalty is wrong. Not only is it doubtful that kowtowing to China will bring short-term benefits but, on the contrary, it is rather quite possible that we’ll end up paying a high price for such policy in the future. If today’s decisions are shaping our future, then granting China with market economy status will surely be a nail in the coffin for Argentina.
Juan Pablo Cardenal
November 30, 2016
Fidel Castro and the Integrity of Estela de Carlotto in the Defence of Human Rights
(Infobae) A human rights figure cannot be indifferent towards human rights violations that take place in the remaining dictatorships nor they can ignore such evident facts to defend the indefensible.
Gabriel C. Salvia
November 29, 2016
Human Rights Defended by Dictatorships?
(Latin America Goes Global) Recently, a third of the members of the UN Human Rights Council were renewed with China, the biggest dictatorship in the world, accumulating no less than 180 votes which gives proof to the assumption that several developed democracies voted in China's favour.
Gabriel C. Salvia
Year XIV N° 59 - November 9, 2016
Human Rights before and after the fall of the Berlin Wall
The historical framework. Human rights in a communist dictatorship. The Peaceful Revolution in Autumn 1989 and German Unity on 3 October 19904. The complexity of the world in 2016. The role of human rights today. Basic principles of human rights policy in Europe.
Günter Nooke
Year XIV N° 58 - September 15th, 2016
Dealing with the authoritarian resurgence
A renewed struggle between democracy and authoritarianism has emerged. The decade-long democratic decline reported by Freedom House has been most dramatic within the ranks of already authoritarian regimes, which have become even more repressive. At the same time, the most influential among them—China, Russia, and Iran—have become more internationalist. In doing so, they have found ways to exploit integration and to broaden their influence in the democratic world. Through the development of the antidemocratic toolkit of simulated NGOs, think tanks, election monitors, and news media, the autocrats are actively seeking to undermine democracy from within.
Christopher Walker
August 5, 2016
Cuba, the remnant dictatorship in Latin America
However, despite the objective fact that Cuba is not a democracy because it established a one-party system and therefore its authorities do not win free and fair elections with competition there is so much evidence of the repressive features of their regime that is documented in its own Constitution, Criminal Law, Special laws and decisions of the People's Courts - all denounced by the most prestigious international human rights organizations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch - therefore drawing attention that in Latin America the government of the Castro brothers is not seen for what it evidently is: a dictatorship.
Gabriel C. Salvia
Year XIV N° 57 - June 9, 2016
The more things change in Cuba’s external relations, the more they remain the same in its domestic politics
As Cuba’s foreign relations undergo epoch-making change, and following President Barack Obama’s historic visit to the island in March, Havana circles the wagons of state doubling down on political centralization under Raúl Castro and los históricos.
Armando Chaguaceda and Ted A. Henken
Year XIII Number 56 - December 9, 2015
A Democracy Assembly to Face the New Authoritarian Challenges
Sixteen years after the first World Movement Assembly, the situation has dramatically changed. We no longer have the strong wind of triumphant democracy in our sails. Instead, we are facing a reinvigorated wind of authoritarianism that defies us not only in practice but also ideologically and tests our understanding of our own values, our consistency, and our commitment.
Ladan Boroumand
June 10, 2015
Waiting for a little gesture from Raul Castro
(El País/Spain) If Raúl Castro truly wants Obama to have a bigger support in Congress to lift the embargo, he has to provide a gesture on his part which could include repealing Law 88. Since this wouldn’t involve the political risk of making a reform which stems from the recognition of the exercise of fundamental rights. If Raúl Castro doesn’t even repeal Law 88, this might be because he feels very confident that the dictatorship he installed with his brother Fidel is entirely safe from international pressure and questionings.
Gabriel C. Salvia
May 14, 2015
François Hollande, a man without heart?
When the last Universal Periodic Review of Cuba was held in Geneva, France recommended to the government of Raul Castro to ensure freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, and the free activity of human rights defenders, independent journalists and political opponents. Now,what value does this recommendation have when France validates the repression of those rights that is has asked Cuba to guarantee?
Gabriel C. Salvia
December 22, 2014
Is this the end of the Cuban dictatorship?
The Cuban regime uses a similar argument as China to justify its rhetorical model of "socialist, local, original, democratic and participatory development" and keep the dictatorship unchanged. In fact, during its Universal Periodic Review at the UN Human Rights Council, held on May 1st, 2013, the Cuban dictatorship affirmed that it does not accept any universal model of democracy.
Gabriel C. Salvia
December 11, 2014
Human rights, North Korea and Latin America
Despite of not having the communications of the developed democracies during the Universal Periodic Review of North Korea at least the majority of the Latin American countries voted on November 18th in favor of the critical resolution about the situation of human rights in this country and like that the political division of the region was shown again.
Gabriel C. Salvia
10 de noviembre de 2014
Del autoritarismo a la democracia: La experiencia polaca (From authoritarianism to democracy: the Polish experience)
El libro lleva el prólogo de presidente Lech Wałęsa, Premio Nobel de la Paz y líder del movimiento Solidaridad, y tiene como autores a Andrzej Antoszewski, Fredo Arias King, Ewa Bujwid-Kurek, Leszek Balcerowicz, Marek Bankowicz, Zbigniew Bujak, Henryk Domański, Antoni Dudek, Rafał Matyja, Piotr Mazurkiewicz, Bogdan Szlachta, Krzysztof Szczerski, Magdalena Ślusarczyk, Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski, Artur Wołek y Maciej Zakrzewski.
October 28, 2014
The constitutional debate from a citizens perspective
The Constitutional Consensus has several important added values. The participating citizens begin to grant meaning to specific and historic information concerning constitutional topics. This has led them to gather ideas, texts and documents relation to the constitutional history of Cuba as well as from other parts of the world.
Manuel Cuesta Morúa
Juan Pablo Cardenal:
30 de junio de 2014
«The World is Adapting to China and Not the Other Way Around»
The Spanish writer and journalist spent the past decade passing between China and Hong Kong. Beginning 4 years ago, he has carried out research on the internationalization of China in 40 countries across the world. China, the same country that is currently the largest investor and lender in the world, and is also the country with the largest number of people incapable of exercising their basic democratic freedoms.
Gabriel C. Salvia
May 20, 2014
Why am I not at LASA?
Because I organized a panel for LASA 2014 titled “Cuba: The Memory of Democracy,” my country’s government remembered I am an “enemy of international peace” and subjects me, once again, to a Cautionary Measure that had been suspended a month earlier.
Manuel Cuesta Morúa
May 13, 2014
A Double Challenge: to the Cuban Dictatorship and the Regional and International Complicity
The challenge of the Forum was not only addressed to the Cuban dictatorship but also to the other member states of the CELAC, to the developed democracies which have embassies in Havana and the officials of regional organizations such as the OAS and the EU and international bodies such as the UN.
Gabriel C. Salvia
April 30, 2014
Burma`s Transition to Democracy
Alexander Doler
February 4, 2014
Repression in Cuba: Indifference is Unacceptable
Gabriel C. Salvia
January 20, 2014
The CELAC, the Cuban regime and the defense of democracy
Gabriel C. Salvia and Manuel Cuesta Morúa
Annual Edition 2013
14 de enero de 2014
Latino-Cuban Dialogue
Latino-Cuban Dialogue is a quarterly publication (in Spanish) of the Program of International Democratic Solidarity (Puente Democrático) of the Center for the Opening and Development of Latin America (CADAL), with the objective of generating an exchange of ideas between figures of civil society, academics and analysts of Latin America and actors of the Cuban civil movement, that will help to reflect on distinct themes that contribute to a scenario of political opening and democratic transition in Cuba.
Puente Democrático
November 27, 2013
Human Rights and Dictatorships at the UN
The Council has 47 member states, regionally elected by a majority of the UN countries. For the election of the members of the UN Human Rights Council, the contribution to the protection and promotion of human rights in the country should be taken into account. Now, regarding some of the countries that have just been elected to serve on this body, like Saudi Arabia, Cuba, China, Vietnam, and Russia, it remains clear that the fulfillment of its goal is unfeasible. Can there be a greater contradiction than a Human Rights Council that incorporates dictatorships?
Gabriel C. Salvia
Year XI Number 48 - October 31, 2013
Conclusions of the 17th Forum 2000 Conference
A constantly recurring theme in our discussions has been the extent to which a country’s, or group of countries’, distinctive history and culture impacts on what can be done and how quickly it can be done when it comes to both initiating and sustaining transitions from authoritarianism to democracy, and in particular whether revolutions are likely to consolidate or collapse.
Gareth Evans
Year XI Number 41 - January 29, 2013
Conclusions of the Warsaw Dialogue for Democracy
Jerzy Pomianowski
Year X Number 39 - November 1, 2012
The struggle for a democratic Zimbabwe
Speech by Glanis Changachirere, Institute for Young Women Development, Zimbabwe: On the Occasion of the Opening Ceremony of the 7th World Assembly, October 14th, 2012 in Lima, Peru.
Glanis Changachirere
Year X Number 38 - October 23, 2012
A crisis in the human rights concept in the begining of the 21st century
Essential human rights principles say that for citizens ‘everything which is not forbidden is allowed’ while for the government ‘everything which is not allowed is forbidden’. But authoritarian states manage to turn these principles upside down both in law and it practice.
Yevgeniy Zhovtis
15 de diciembre de 2011
Diplomacy and Human Rights in Cuba. From the Black Spring to the liberation of the political prisoners
In the words of George Orwell, “one does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship”. That sentence, from his novel 1984 , published in 1949, was to prove true on a remote Caribbean island – Cuba – a decade later. At that moment, the first day of the year 1959, the world looked kindly on the feat of those bearded, idealistic boys, who had defeated the loathsome regime of Fulgencio Batista. (From the Prologue by Jorge Elías)
Ingemar Cederberg and others
July 18, 2010
On probation: the release of political prisoners in Cuba
Immediately one can listen to the optimistic readings on political changes in Cuba, as if ignoring the repressive regime's skill to hold in power for more than half a century. However, so long as first generation human rights are considered a crime, nothing will change in that country and those who are being released can be sent back to prison anytime.
Gabriel C. Salvia
January 7, 2010
Our Hapless Man in Havana
For a month, Cuba has detained a USAID contractor for passing out laptops. It's time for the U.S. to send over a whole lot more.
Christopher Sabatini
November 6, 2009
Here we go again: Nicaragua-Honduras-re-election
Christopher Sabatini
Year VII Number 30 - September 17, 2009
Latin America, the European Union and Cuba: Approaches towards Totalitarianism
This document seeks to study the UPR corresponding to the Cuban regime, which took place during the fourth working session of the UPR Working Group, in the period February 2nd-13th 2009, and its corresponding context. The focus is comparative between two regions of the world: Latin American governments and European governments.
Pablo Brum and Mariana Dambolena
June 30, 2009
The Honduran Coup is Still a Coup: But Where Was Everybody Before?
Let me say upfront, unequivocally: what occurred on June 28, 2009, in Honduras was a coup and should be condemned for the violation of constitutional, democratic rule that it is. And unlike the street coups that removed Presidents Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada (Bolivia) or Lucio Gutiérrez (Ecuador), this one was positively 1970s-style retrograde: the marching of military officers into President José Manuel Zelaya Rosales’ residence, his forced removal (or kidnapping as he called it) at gun point.
Christopher Sabatini
Year VII Number 27 - May 14th, 2009
On Diplomatic Commitment to Human Rights
Committed diplomacy is a problematic concept. Even though its exact definition is elusive, it is a practice that is backed by sufficient historical evidence to be recognized internationally. However, that does not subtract from the fact that the acts of diplomats committed to human rights beyond their call of duty are a scarce minority.
Pablo Brum and Mariana Dambolena
Year VII Number 96 - April 14, 2009
21st Century Slavery
As a sort of contemporary slaves, we, the Cuban people in the middle of the 21st century, do not only depend on government permissions to leave or to return to our country, but we are also constantly confronted with the violation of our right to free movement, as the permissions are granted arbitrarily, they are delayed or refused, causing a deep grief within thousands of innocent families, who, paralyzed by their fear, are unable to claim for the respect of their basic rights.
Hilda Molina
January 27, 2009
Cristina Left in Cuba What Little Credibility She Had For An Honest Defense of Human Rights
Kirchnerism has exploited the issue of human rights politically, and lacks the most minimal concern for the subject. Cristina's trip to Cuba leaves no doubt about it, especially when, to top it off, she was received by the elderly dictator Fidel Castro, and had the delicateness of considering that event “a distinction for the entire Argentinean people”.
Gabriel C. Salvia
December 22, 2008
The Rio Group blocks democracy in Cuba
The Rio Group is a Latin American mechanism of political articulation and diplomatic negotiation which was created in 1986 and currently consists of 23 member countries. The Rio Group decided to incorporate the Cuban dictatorship as a full-fledged member during the presidential summit of Mercosur.
Gabriel C. Salvia
March 16, 2008
Reflections on the Situation in Tibet
John Suarez
Year V Number 18 - September 18th, 2007
Alternative futures in Cuba
Political transitions are highly uncertain events. For example, in 1988, the conventional wisdom was that communist rule in Eastern Europe was entrenched and would last into the indefinite future. The right question to ask about Cuba is not what will happen but rather what could happen. The latter question implies more than one possible future scenario. In this article, I construct and discuss alternative futures in Cuba after Fidel Castro passes away. The possibility of a transition to democracy in Cuba depends mainly on three causal factors.
Juan J. López
Year V Number 17 - July 18th, 2007
Rogue States: A Timely Concept and Its Application to Latin America
Rogue states are perhaps new as a term in international politics, but they are not a novelty per se. They have existed throughout the different periods of history, generally displaying the same characteristics: The system of government is dictatorial and tend more towards totalitarianism than towards authoritarianism; their rhetoric and foreign policy are fervently anti-American; unlike other dictatorships, they are obsessed with international politics; they are constant practitioners of melodrama and expert users of propaganda.
Pablo Brum
30 de octubre de 2006
Las Damas de Blanco (Ladies in White)
The women of the prisoners of the Black Cuban Spring
Erika Lüters Gamboa
Year IV Number 12 - March 10th, 2006
Unusual Alliance: Cuban-Argentine Relations in Geneva, 1976-1983
The role of the Soviet Union in Argentina’s defense is well-known among human rights experts, who noted the development of an “unholy alliance.” Less is understood about the support that Cuba gave the military government in order to block consideration of the Argentine case at the United Nations. This document, based on a chapter of a planned book on Argentine-Cuban relations, attempts to fill that gap based on information from personal interviews, Argentine archival material, and secondary sources.
Kezia McKeague
3 de noviembre de 2005
Maten al cartero (Kill the Mailman)
Postscript on the siege of the press during the Southern Cone military dictatorships
Jorge Elías
7 de marzo de 2005
Boitel Vive (Boitel is alive)
Testimony from the current Cuban political prison
Jorge Luis García Pérez ''Antúnez''
Year II Number 7 - November 8th, 2004
China: ¿business or human rights?
In its relationship with China, Kirchner’s government seems to be decided to apply a sort of pinochetist pragmatism: “economic openning is welcome, leaving aside the great internal repression”. And is curious that this is the foreign policy of a “progressist” government that ensures to have human rights as a priority.
Gabriel C. Salvia
7 de octubre de 2004
Corrupción en Cuba y como combatirla (Corruption in Cuba and how to fight against it)
A proposal of social auditing
Ricardo A. Puerta
8 de diciembre de 2002
Otra grieta en la pared (Another Crack on the Wall)
Report and testimonies about the New Cuban Press
Fernando J. Ruiz