Puente Democrático
Year XVII - Nº 77 - May 20, 2019
Human Rights from the International Relations
The doctrine of human rights was concretized after a process of development of more than three centuries after the end of the Second World War and has changed the institutional panorama and the relations between actors at the international level.
Alejandro Anaya Muñoz
Year XVI - No. 72 - August 23, 2018
Milada Horáková: Defender of Democracy Against Totalitarianism in Czechoslovakia
On the 23rd of August, the City of Buenos Aires observes the Dayof Remembrance for the Victims of Totalitarianism. The life of Czechactivist Milada Horáková is emblematic of the fight against variousforms of totalitarianism.
Gregory Ross
Year XV N° 65 - January 23, 2018
Cuba before its third universal periodic review of human rights
In the previous review, carried out in 2013, the Cubangovernment categorically rejected the most relevantrecommendations on their human rights violations, which persist today.
Gabriel C. Salvia
Year XV N° 64 - April 26, 2017
Two reform proposals for membership in the UN human rights council
The biggest problem the UN is facing when defending Human Rights is that only a minority of its 193 members have a well-institutionalized democracy. Furthermore, unlike many authoritarian regimes and countries with poor democratic systems, which constitute the majority in the General Assembly, they do not coordinate their policy on human rights with each other.
Gabriel C. Salvia and Matthias Peschke
Year XIV N° 59 - November 9, 2016
Human Rights before and after the fall of the Berlin Wall
The historical framework. Human rights in a communist dictatorship. The Peaceful Revolution in Autumn 1989 and German Unity on 3 October 19904. The complexity of the world in 2016. The role of human rights today. Basic principles of human rights policy in Europe.
Günter Nooke
Year XIV N° 58 - September 15th, 2016
Dealing with the authoritarian resurgence
A renewed struggle between democracy and authoritarianism has emerged. The decade-long democratic decline reported by Freedom House has been most dramatic within the ranks of already authoritarian regimes, which have become even more repressive. At the same time, the most influential among them—China, Russia, and Iran—have become more internationalist. In doing so, they have found ways to exploit integration and to broaden their influence in the democratic world. Through the development of the antidemocratic toolkit of simulated NGOs, think tanks, election monitors, and news media, the autocrats are actively seeking to undermine democracy from within.
Christopher Walker
Year XIV N° 57 - June 9, 2016
The more things change in Cuba’s external relations, the more they remain the same in its domestic politics
As Cuba’s foreign relations undergo epoch-making change, and following President Barack Obama’s historic visit to the island in March, Havana circles the wagons of state doubling down on political centralization under Raúl Castro and los históricos.
Armando Chaguaceda and Ted A. Henken
Year XIII Number 56 - December 9, 2015
A Democracy Assembly to Face the New Authoritarian Challenges
Sixteen years after the first World Movement Assembly, the situation has dramatically changed. We no longer have the strong wind of triumphant democracy in our sails. Instead, we are facing a reinvigorated wind of authoritarianism that defies us not only in practice but also ideologically and tests our understanding of our own values, our consistency, and our commitment.
Ladan Boroumand
Year XI Number 48 - October 31, 2013
Conclusions of the 17th Forum 2000 Conference
A constantly recurring theme in our discussions has been the extent to which a country’s, or group of countries’, distinctive history and culture impacts on what can be done and how quickly it can be done when it comes to both initiating and sustaining transitions from authoritarianism to democracy, and in particular whether revolutions are likely to consolidate or collapse.
Gareth Evans
Year XI Number 41 - January 29, 2013
Conclusions of the Warsaw Dialogue for Democracy
Jerzy Pomianowski
Year X Number 39 - November 1, 2012
The struggle for a democratic Zimbabwe
Speech by Glanis Changachirere, Institute for Young Women Development, Zimbabwe: On the Occasion of the Opening Ceremony of the 7th World Assembly, October 14th, 2012 in Lima, Peru.
Glanis Changachirere
Year X Number 38 - October 23, 2012
A crisis in the human rights concept in the begining of the 21st century
Essential human rights principles say that for citizens ‘everything which is not forbidden is allowed’ while for the government ‘everything which is not allowed is forbidden’. But authoritarian states manage to turn these principles upside down both in law and it practice.
Yevgeniy Zhovtis
Year VII Number 30 - September 17, 2009
Latin America, the European Union and Cuba: Approaches towards Totalitarianism
This document seeks to study the UPR corresponding to the Cuban regime, which took place during the fourth working session of the UPR Working Group, in the period February 2nd-13th 2009, and its corresponding context. The focus is comparative between two regions of the world: Latin American governments and European governments.
Pablo Brum and Mariana Dambolena
Year VII Number 27 - May 14th, 2009
On Diplomatic Commitment to Human Rights
Committed diplomacy is a problematic concept. Even though its exact definition is elusive, it is a practice that is backed by sufficient historical evidence to be recognized internationally. However, that does not subtract from the fact that the acts of diplomats committed to human rights beyond their call of duty are a scarce minority.
Pablo Brum and Mariana Dambolena
Year VII Number 96 - April 14, 2009
21st Century Slavery
As a sort of contemporary slaves, we, the Cuban people in the middle of the 21st century, do not only depend on government permissions to leave or to return to our country, but we are also constantly confronted with the violation of our right to free movement, as the permissions are granted arbitrarily, they are delayed or refused, causing a deep grief within thousands of innocent families, who, paralyzed by their fear, are unable to claim for the respect of their basic rights.
Hilda Molina
Year V Number 18 - September 18th, 2007
Alternative futures in Cuba
Political transitions are highly uncertain events. For example, in 1988, the conventional wisdom was that communist rule in Eastern Europe was entrenched and would last into the indefinite future. The right question to ask about Cuba is not what will happen but rather what could happen. The latter question implies more than one possible future scenario. In this article, I construct and discuss alternative futures in Cuba after Fidel Castro passes away. The possibility of a transition to democracy in Cuba depends mainly on three causal factors.
Juan J. López
Year V Number 17 - July 18th, 2007
Rogue States: A Timely Concept and Its Application to Latin America
Rogue states are perhaps new as a term in international politics, but they are not a novelty per se. They have existed throughout the different periods of history, generally displaying the same characteristics: The system of government is dictatorial and tend more towards totalitarianism than towards authoritarianism; their rhetoric and foreign policy are fervently anti-American; unlike other dictatorships, they are obsessed with international politics; they are constant practitioners of melodrama and expert users of propaganda.
Pablo Brum
Year IV Number 12 - March 10th, 2006
Unusual Alliance: Cuban-Argentine Relations in Geneva, 1976-1983
The role of the Soviet Union in Argentina’s defense is well-known among human rights experts, who noted the development of an “unholy alliance.” Less is understood about the support that Cuba gave the military government in order to block consideration of the Argentine case at the United Nations. This document, based on a chapter of a planned book on Argentine-Cuban relations, attempts to fill that gap based on information from personal interviews, Argentine archival material, and secondary sources.
Kezia McKeague
Year II Number 7 - November 8th, 2004
China: ¿business or human rights?
In its relationship with China, Kirchner’s government seems to be decided to apply a sort of pinochetist pragmatism: “economic openning is welcome, leaving aside the great internal repression”. And is curious that this is the foreign policy of a “progressist” government that ensures to have human rights as a priority.
Gabriel C. Salvia